In this article, I put forward an assessment of post-ISIS Iraq. I argue that while ISIS has been defeated, the elements that led to its rise are still present in the country. Firstly, violence and repression towards the Sunni community persisted in the counterinsurgency efforts that aimed to remove ISIS from the country. Secondly, as the Popular Mobilisation Forces aspire to become Iraq’s dominant political actor and Nouri al-Maliki seeks a return to Iraq’s highest political office, Sunni political exclusion is likely to persist in the foreseeable future. These two elements are paving the way for a new and even fiercer Sunni insurgency.

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